wiki:Debugging/OpenOCD/Raspberry_Pi

Version 2 (modified by Pavel Pisa, on Jun 15, 2016 at 3:10:02 PM) (diff)

Rung RPi OpenOCD debug without setup of pins in u-boot.

Raspberry Pi Debugging with OpenOCD

The scripts for OpenOCD debugging can be found in my rpi-utils GitHUB repo for example. They are listed below as well.

I have issues to load application image over JTAG (some data corruption, may it be by overload of bus arbitration). But when application is load over TFTP from U-boot it can be fully debugged.

The JTAG interface has to be enabled first. For U-boot based RTEMS image load it can be achieved by U-boot commands

mw.l 0x20200000 0x04a020
mw.l 0x20200008 0x65b6c0

or apply next change to RTEMS sources

--- a/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/startup/bspstarthooks.c
+++ b/c/src/lib/libbsp/arm/raspberrypi/startup/bspstarthooks.c
@@ -29,6 +29,15 @@
 #include <libcpu/arm-cp15.h>
 #include <bsp.h>

+void ll_strout(char *str)
+{
+  char ch;
+  while ((ch = *(str++)) != 0) {
+    if (ch == '\n')
+      bcm2835_usart_fns.deviceWritePolled(0, '\r');
+    bcm2835_usart_fns.deviceWritePolled(0, ch);
+  }
+}

 void BSP_START_TEXT_SECTION bsp_start_hook_0(void)
 {
@@ -66,6 +75,21 @@ void BSP_START_TEXT_SECTION bsp_start_hook_0(void)

   /* Clear Secure or Non-secure Vector Base Address Register */
   arm_cp15_set_vector_base_address(0);
+
+  /* Enable JTAG */
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 22, RPI_ALT_FUNC_4);
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 4,  RPI_ALT_FUNC_5);
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 27, RPI_ALT_FUNC_4);
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 25, RPI_ALT_FUNC_4);
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 23, RPI_ALT_FUNC_4);
+  rtems_gpio_bsp_select_specific_io(0, 24, RPI_ALT_FUNC_4);
+
+  if (1) {
+    ll_strout("JTAG Enabled and waiting for GDB\n");
+
+    continue_execution = 0;
+    while (!continue_execution);
+  }
 }

 void BSP_START_TEXT_SECTION bsp_start_hook_1(void)

Start RTEMS, when message appears connect from OpenOCD, setup breakpoints and set continue_execution to one

(gdb) set continue_execution=1

File "rpi-jt_usb5.cfg":

#daemon configuration
telnet_port 4444
gdb_port 3333

# tell gdb our flash memory map
# and enable flash programming
#gdb_memory_map enable
#gdb_flash_program enable

interface ftdi
#ftdi_device_desc "Dual RS232"
ftdi_vid_pid 0x0403 0x6010

ftdi_layout_init 0x0cf8 0x0cfb
ftdi_layout_signal nTRST -data 0x0010 -noe 0x0800
ftdi_layout_signal nSRST -ndata 0x0040 -noe 0x0400

ftdi_layout_signal nTRST -data 0x0010
ftdi_layout_signal nSRST -ndata 0x0040
ftdi_layout_signal LED -ndata 0x0800

transport select jtag

#ftdi_layout_signal SWD_EN -ndata 0x0400
#ftdi_layout_signal SWDIO_OE -alias TMS

adapter_khz 500

reset_config none

#jtag_nsrst_delay 400
#jtag_ntrst_delay 400

if { [info exists CHIPNAME] } {
   set  _CHIPNAME $CHIPNAME
} else {
   set  _CHIPNAME raspi
}

reset_config none

if { [info exists CPU_TAPID ] } {
   set _CPU_TAPID $CPU_TAPID
} else {
   set _CPU_TAPID 0x07b7617F
}
jtag newtap $_CHIPNAME arm -irlen 5 -expected-id $_CPU_TAPID

set _TARGETNAME $_CHIPNAME.arm
target create $_TARGETNAME arm11 -chain-position $_TARGETNAME

adapter_khz 500

init

#reset halt

#wait_halt

# check TDO connection
#echo 24 > /sys/class/gpio/export
#echo out > /sys/class/gpio/gpio24/direction
#echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio24/value

File "gdb-openocd.init":

target remote localhost:3333
#load

File "rpi-jt_usb5-ddd"

#!/bin/sh

SCRIP_DIR="$(dirname "$(readlink -f "$0")")"

nc -w 3 -z localhost 4444
if [ $? -ne 0 ]
then
  echo "Starting OpenOCD"
  openocd -f "$SCRIP_DIR/rpi-jt_usb5.cfg" &
  OPENOCD_PID=$!
  nc -w 10 -z localhost 4444
  if [ $? -ne 0 ]
  then
    echo "OpenOCD start failed"
  fi
fi

ddd --debugger arm-elf-gdb -x "$SCRIP_DIR/gdb-openocd.init" "$1"

kill $OPENOCD_PID