Changeset e1769f27 in rtems

Sep 3, 2015, 12:45:44 PM (6 years ago)
Sebastian Huber <sebastian.huber@…>
5, master
Sebastian Huber <sebastian.huber@…> (09/03/15 12:45:44)
Sebastian Huber <sebastian.huber@…> (09/04/15 11:44:47)

smp: Documentation

Close #2274.

1 edited


  • doc/user/smp.t

    rdafa5d88 re1769f27  
    466466The only remaining user of task variables in the RTEMS code base is the Ada
    467467support.  So basically Ada is not available on RTEMS SMP.
     469@subsection OpenMP
     471OpenMP support for RTEMS is available via the GCC provided libgomp.  There is
     472libgomp support for RTEMS in the POSIX configuration of libgomp since GCC 4.9
     473(requires a Newlib snapshot after 2015-03-12). In GCC 6.1 or later (requires a
     474Newlib snapshot after 2015-07-30 for <sys/lock.h> provided self-contained
     475synchronization objects) there is a specialized libgomp configuration for RTEMS
     476which offers a significantly better performance compared to the POSIX
     477configuration of libgomp.  In addition application configurable thread pools
     478for each scheduler instance are available in GCC 6.1 or later.
     480The run-time configuration of libgomp is done via environment variables
     481documented in the @uref{, libgomp
     482manual}.  The environment variables are evaluated in a constructor function
     483which executes in the context of the first initialization task before the
     484actual initialization task function is called (just like a global C++
     485constructor).  To set application specific values, a higher priority
     486constructor function must be used to set up the environment variables.
     490#include <stdlib.h>
     492void __attribute__((constructor(1000))) config_libgomp( void )
     494  setenv( "OMP_DISPLAY_ENV", "VERBOSE", 1 );
     495  setenv( "GOMP_SPINCOUNT", "30000", 1 );
     496  setenv( "GOMP_RTEMS_THREAD_POOLS", "1$2@@SCHD", 1 );
     498@end group
     499@end example
     501The environment variable @env{GOMP_RTEMS_THREAD_POOLS} is RTEMS specific.  It
     502determines the thread pools for each scheduler instance.  The format for
     503@env{GOMP_RTEMS_THREAD_POOLS} is a list of optional
     504@code{<thread-pool-count>[$<priority>]@@<scheduler-name>} configurations
     505separated by @code{:} where:
     507@itemize @bullet
     508@item @code{<thread-pool-count>} is the thread pool count for this scheduler
     510@item @code{$<priority>} is an optional priority for the worker threads of a
     511thread pool according to @code{pthread_setschedparam}.  In case a priority
     512value is omitted, then a worker thread will inherit the priority of the OpenMP
     513master thread that created it.  The priority of the worker thread is not
     514changed by libgomp after creation, even if a new OpenMP master thread using the
     515worker has a different priority.
     516@item @code{@@<scheduler-name>} is the scheduler instance name according to the
     517RTEMS application configuration.
     518@end itemize
     520In case no thread pool configuration is specified for a scheduler instance,
     521then each OpenMP master thread of this scheduler instance will use its own
     522dynamically allocated thread pool.  To limit the worker thread count of the
     523thread pools, each OpenMP master thread must call @code{omp_set_num_threads}.
     525Lets suppose we have three scheduler instances @code{IO}, @code{WRK0}, and
     526@code{WRK1} with @env{GOMP_RTEMS_THREAD_POOLS} set to
     527@code{"1@@WRK0:3$4@@WRK1"}.  Then there are no thread pool restrictions for
     528scheduler instance @code{IO}.  In the scheduler instance @code{WRK0} there is
     529one thread pool available.  Since no priority is specified for this scheduler
     530instance, the worker thread inherits the priority of the OpenMP master thread
     531that created it.  In the scheduler instance @code{WRK1} there are three thread
     532pools available and their worker threads run at priority four.
    469534@subsection Thread Dispatch Details
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